Tuesday, August 4, 2015

The different types of Fractures seen in the Limbs of a Person

The term fracture is used to indicate that the bone is broken due to an accident. Fractures can occur in any part of the body, but usually they occur in the limbs. The following are the different types of fractures.

1. Simple fracture: This is also called closed fracture. Only the bone is broken and there will not be wounds at the site of fracture. The bone may be broken completely or partially.

2. Compound fracture: This is called open fracture. Along with the fracture of the bone, wound is also seen at the site of the fracture. One or both the broken ends of the bone pierce through the skin and protrude out. This may damage the surface tissue and cause bleeding.

3. Complicated fracture: This type of fracture is associated with damages to important internal organs such as liver, brain, intestines, spleen and major blood vessels.

4. Communicated fracture: In this type, bone is broken at several places.

5. Impact fracture: The broken ends of fractured bone driven into another.

6. Green stick fracture: The bone bends but does not break. This is usually seen in children.

The rules to be followed while giving FIRST AID

The following rules and principles are necessary for success in first aid and to save the victim from danger.
1. Organize the activities in orderly fashion without panic and confusion.
2. Firstly, treat for breathing. Every second is important for the survival of the victim.
3. If the victim is bleeding, immediately make efforts to stop it.
4. Treat for the shock by moving the victim as little as possible and handling gently.
5. Do first aid as much as required to prevent the deterioration of the condition.
6. Do not allow people to crowd around the victim. Allow fresh air to the victim.
7. Do not create fear in the victim or people around him. Assure him that he is in safe hands and medical help will be coming soon.
8. Do not move or remove clothes from the victim unnecessarily.
9. See that proper medical help is available to the victim at the earliest by sending message to a doctor or to an ambulance.